Mid-Century modern architecture describes mid-20th-century developments in modern design and urban development from roughly 1930s to 1965. The style is nowadays by scholars and museums worldwide as a significant design movement, indispensable for the progress of this art. We bring you some historical/mesmerizing projects that marked the history of architecture.

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See more: How These White Walls is Changing the World of Interior Design

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Schröder House, Ultrech – Built in 1924 by Gerrit Rietveld

Schröder House looks like a painting that came to life. Traditional ideas of construction and enclosure, outside and inside are not present: instead we can find lines and splashes of color. These traits can also be found in furniture that Rietveld designed, pointing to the synthesis that he and his Dutch contemporaries realized through the short-lived De Stijl (“the style”) movement.

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Lovell Beach House, California – Built in 1926 by Rudolph M. Schindler

This is the third residence that R.M. Schindler has designed for Philip Lovell. The Lovell Beach House is raised on five sculptural columns to gain ocean views over neighboring buildings. The bravado structure also seeks to protect the house from earthquakes (in fact it has already survived one five years after its completion, one that destroyed a nearby school)

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Frederick C. Robie House, Chicago – Built in 1909 by Frank Lloyd Wright

What was a.mazing about Frank Lloyd Wright’s genius was the need to constantly reinvent himself and his architecture. The Robie House can be seen as the apotheosis of his Prairie style, which he started to develop in the end of the 19th century. This building is so iconi that is part of a U.S. National Historic Landmark.

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Villa Savoye, Poissy (France) – Built in 1931 by Le Corbusier

This house near Paris for Pierre and Emilie Savoye has become one of modern architecture’s key icons, residential or otherwise. It encapsulates Le Corbusier’s five points that he developed in the 1920s: raising the building on pilotis(slender columns), a free facade independent of the structural system, ribbon windows based on a similar logic, an open floor plan, and a roof garden that regained the ground lost through the building’s occupation of the landscape.

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Villa Mairea, Noormarkku, Finland – Built in 1939 by Alvar Aalto

Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater, strove for a design that was Finnish but modern. The outcome is a L-shaped house in an idiosyncratic design that can be described as “the other tradition of modern architecture,” which placed humanism above ideology.

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Gropius House, Massachusetts – Built in1937 by Walter Gropius

Walter Gropius emigrated to the United States in 1937. He was a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Design in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and designed the Gropius House for his family in nearby Lincoln. Its ribbon windows and white surfaces express a Bauhaus aesthetic, but underneath strong regional influences can be found.

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Eames House, Case Study House No. 8, Pacific Palisades, California – Built in 1949 by Charles and Ray Eames

Although this house/studio might seem simply two rectangular volumes made of off-the-shelf steel structures and windows, in fact, it is much more than that: it is a colorful expression of the architect’s design sensibility and a suitable backdrop for their collections and creations.

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Glass House, Connecticut – Built in 1949 by Philip Johnson

Philip Johnson and Henry Russell Hitchcock, in their 1932 International Style of Modern Architecture exhibition at MoMA, helped to define what people thought modern architecture was. The Glass House is the first of many structures Johnson designed and built on his New Canaan estate.

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Gamble House in Pasadena, California – Built in 1908 by Greene and Greene

This house is a masterpiece since it features all Greene brothers’ styles  — Arts and Crafts, art nouveau, Japanese timber construction, bungalows. Even though the house appears in the 1980s science fiction movie Back to the Future, its biggest merit lies on its well-crafted wood architecture, inside and out.

Mid-Century modern mid-century modern 10 Mid-Century Modern Homes by World Acclaimed Designers Farnsworth House

Farnsworth House, Illinois – Built in 1951 by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Mies van der Rohe emigrated to the United States before World War II and studied in Illinois (then Armour) Institute of Technology. His influence on postwar architecture is massive, mostly on the design of office towers and other urban buildings. He designed a raised glass box that turned out to be his last residential commission for Edith Farnsworth.

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See also: Innovative Interior Design: Meet Modus Space

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