Mid-Century modern architecture describes mid-20th-century developments in modern design and urban development from roughly 1930s to 1965. The style is nowadays by scholars and museums worldwide as a significant design movement, indispensable for the progress of this art. We bring you some historical/mesmerizing projects that marked the history of architecture.
See more: How These White Walls is Changing the World of Interior Design
Schröder House looks like a painting that came to life. Traditional ideas of construction and enclosure, outside and inside are not present: instead we can find lines and splashes of color. These traits can also be found in furniture that Rietveld designed, pointing to the synthesis that he and his Dutch contemporaries realized through the short-lived De Stijl (“the style”) movement.
This is the third residence that R.M. Schindler has designed for Philip Lovell. The Lovell Beach House is raised on five sculptural columns to gain ocean views over neighboring buildings. The bravado structure also seeks to protect the house from earthquakes (in fact it has already survived one five years after its completion, one that destroyed a nearby school)
What was a.mazing about Frank Lloyd Wright’s genius was the need to constantly reinvent himself and his architecture. The Robie House can be seen as the apotheosis of his Prairie style, which he started to develop in the end of the 19th century. This building is so iconi that is part of a U.S. National Historic Landmark.
This house near Paris for Pierre and Emilie Savoye has become one of modern architecture’s key icons, residential or otherwise. It encapsulates Le Corbusier’s five points that he developed in the 1920s: raising the building on pilotis(slender columns), a free facade independent of the structural system, ribbon windows based on a similar logic, an open floor plan, and a roof garden that regained the ground lost through the building’s occupation of the landscape.
Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater, strove for a design that was Finnish but modern. The outcome is a L-shaped house in an idiosyncratic design that can be described as “the other tradition of modern architecture,” which placed humanism above ideology.
Walter Gropius emigrated to the United States in 1937. He was a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Design in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and designed the Gropius House for his family in nearby Lincoln. Its ribbon windows and white surfaces express a Bauhaus aesthetic, but underneath strong regional influences can be found.
Although this house/studio might seem simply two rectangular volumes made of off-the-shelf steel structures and windows, in fact, it is much more than that: it is a colorful expression of the architect’s design sensibility and a suitable backdrop for their collections and creations.
Philip Johnson and Henry Russell Hitchcock, in their 1932 International Style of Modern Architecture exhibition at MoMA, helped to define what people thought modern architecture was. The Glass House is the first of many structures Johnson designed and built on his New Canaan estate.
This house is a masterpiece since it features all Greene brothers’ styles — Arts and Crafts, art nouveau, Japanese timber construction, bungalows. Even though the house appears in the 1980s science fiction movie Back to the Future, its biggest merit lies on its well-crafted wood architecture, inside and out.
Mies van der Rohe emigrated to the United States before World War II and studied in Illinois (then Armour) Institute of Technology. His influence on postwar architecture is massive, mostly on the design of office towers and other urban buildings. He designed a raised glass box that turned out to be his last residential commission for Edith Farnsworth.
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